B. France, 1908-2004
Henri Cartier-Bresson (1908-2004), brought a new aesthetic and practice to photography, initiated modern photojournalism, and influenced generations of followers. Striving for a perfect balance of content and formal composition in all his work, he lived and worked by his mantra of ‘the decisive moment’ which he defined as ‘the simultaneous recognition in a fraction of a second of the significance of an event as well as of the precise organisation of forms.’ For Cartier-Bresson, the photograph had to contain significant content that was arranged into rigorous composition.
In 1947 Cartier-Bresson co-founded Magnum Photos Robert Capa, David Seymour, and George Rodger. In 2003, with his wife and daughter, he created the Fondation Henri Cartier-Bresson in Paris for the preservation of his work. He published over thirty publications during his lifetime and was awarded the Prix de la Société Française de Photographic (1959), the Deutsche Gesellsschaft für Photographie (1975) and the Grand Prix National de la Photographie (1981).
His work has been exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, the Institute of Contemporary Art, London, The Art Institute of Chicago, International Center for Photography, New York, The National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi, Hayward Gallery, London, Louisiana Museum, Copenhagen, National Portrait Gallery, London and Scottish National Gallery Edinburgh. His work is held in numerous international collections including Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, University of Fine Arts, Osaka, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, The Art Institute of Chicacago, The Getty Museum, Los Angeles, International Center of Photography, New York, The Philadelphia Art Institute, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston and Museum of Modern Art, Tel Aviv.
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