Jennifer Calivas uses a pre-existing element of nature within her work. Taken from 2019 to 2021, her series Self-Portrait While Buried depicts the artist buried within varying textures of earth, holding a wired timer shutter in her hands. While clearly personal too, Calivas’ photographs explore the wider issues of female subjugation within the natural environment. Historically, landscape paintings were associated with the female body. The landscape tradition gazed upon women through a lens of objectification, viewing rolling hills and fertile earth as extensions of the female form. One leading artist who took measures to tackle these longstanding ideals is Ana Mendieta, active during the 70s and 80s. Mendieta’s seminal Silueta series saw the artist creating imprints of the female form within sand, mud, grass, and rock. Using primarily natural materials (leaves, twigs, blood, fire), Mendieta created eerie recesses that once held the warmth of a body, left clearly lacking their human counterpart. Part performance, sculpture, and land art, Mendieta placed her body within natural environments in order to emphasise the societal conditions within which the female body is objectified.